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Independent sets, local algorithms and random regular graphs
September 18, 2015 @ 11:00 am
Mustazee Rahman (MIT Mathematics)
A independent set in a graph is a set of vertices that have no edges between them. How large can a independent set be in a random d-regular graph? How large can it be if we are to construct it using a (possibly randomized) algorithm that is local in nature? We will discuss a notion of local algorithms for combinatorial optimization problems on large, random d-regular graphs. We will then explain why, for asymptotically large d, local algorithms can only produce independent sets of size at most half of the largest ones. The factor of 1/2 turns out to be optimal. Joint work with Balint Virag.