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Low-rank Matrix Completion: Statistical Models and Large Scale Algorithms
November 30, 2012 @ 11:00 am
Rahul Mazumder (MIT)
Low-rank matrix regularization is an important area of research in statistics and machine learning with a wide range of applications. For example, in the context of Missing data imputation arising in recommender systems (e.g. the Netflix Prize), DNA microarray and audio signal processing, among others, the object of interest is a matrix (X) for which the training data comprises of a few noisy linear measurements. The task is to estimate X, under a low rank constraint and possibly additional affine constraints on X. In practice, the matrix dimensions frequently range from hundreds of thousands to even a million — leading to severe computational challenges. In this talk, I will describe computationally tractable models and scalable (convex) optimization based algorithms for a class of low-rank regularized problems. Exploiting problem-specific statistical insights, problem structure and using novel tools for large scale SVD computations play important roles in this task. This is joint work with Trevor Hastie, Rob Tibshirani and Dennis Sun (Stanford Statistics).