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On Resolution, Sparse Signal Recovery, and Random Access Communication
May 1, 2009 @ 11:00 am
Vivek Goyal (MIT EECS)
Resolution of a data acquisition system is usually thought to be determined completely by sensing properties, such as density and accuracy of measurements. This talk advocates the view that resolution is, in addition, dependent on signal modeling and the complexity of computations allowed. This view is developed concretely for the acquisition of sparse signals, where the asymptotic relationship between resolution and the number of measurements is studied for algorithms with various complexities. The sparse signal recovery problem corresponds perfectly to a model of random multiple access communication in which the task of the receiver is to determine only the subset of the users that transmitted. This connection gives insight on the performance of single- and multi-user detection algorithms. Specifically, all known practical multiuser detection techniques become interference limited at high SNR. However, power control is natural in the multiple access setting, and we are able to prove that a simple detection algorithm based on orthogonal matching pursuit is not interference limited under optimal power control. The talk is based on joint work with Alyson Fletcher and Sundeep Rangan.