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Sparse Canonical Correlation Analysis: Minimaxity and Adaptivity
December 5, 2014 @ 11:00 am
Harrison Huibin Zhou (Yale University)
Canonical correlation analysis is a widely used multivariate statistical technique for exploring the relation between two sets of variables. In this talk we consider the problem of estimating the leading canonical correlation directions in high dimensional settings. Recently, under the assumption that the leading canonical correlation directions are sparse, various procedures have been proposed for many high dimensional applications involving massive data sets. However, there has been few theoretical justification available in the literature. In this talk, we establish rate-optimal non-asymptotic minimax estimation with respect to an appropriate loss function for a wide range of model spaces. Two interesting phenomena are observed. First, the minimax rates are not affected by the presence of nuisance parameters, namely the covariance matrices of the two sets of random variables, though they need to be estimated in the canonical correlation analysis problem. Second, we allow the presence of the residual canonical correlation directions. However, they do not influence the minimax rates under a mild condition on eigengap. A generalized sin-theta theorem and an empirical process bound for Gaussian quadratic forms under rank constraint are used to establish the minimax upper bounds, which may be of independent interest.
If time permits, we will discuss a computationally efficient two-stage estimation procedure which consists of a convex programming based initialization stage and a group Lasso based refinement stage, and show some encouraging numerical results on simulated data sets and a breast cancer data set.