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Sharper Risk Bounds for Statistical Aggregation
October 6, 2023 @ 11:00 am - 12:00 pm
Nikita Zhivotovskiy (University of California, Berkeley)
Abstract: In this talk, we revisit classical results in the theory of statistical aggregation, focusing on the transition from global complexity to a more manageable local one. The goal of aggregation is to combine several base predictors to achieve a prediction nearly as accurate as the best one, without assumptions on the class structure or target. Though studied in both sequential and statistical settings, they traditionally use the same “global” complexity measure. We highlight the lesser-known PAC-Bayes localization enabling us to prove a localized bound for the exponential weights estimator by Leung and Barron, and a deviation-optimal localized bound for Q-aggregation. Finally, we demonstrate that our improvements allow us to obtain bounds based on the number of near-optimal functions in the class, and achieve polynomial improvements in sample size in certain nonparametric situations. This is contrary to the common belief that localization doesn’t benefit nonparametric classes. Joint work with Jaouad Mourtada and Tomas Vaškevičius.